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Imperfect Tense in French

Verbs:

It is a word which is used to describe an action, state, and occurrence. In french, an auxiliary verb is the first verb in a compound tense. It is either avoir or être.Here, you are learning etre and avoir of singular and plural voyelle.

English MeaningVerbsPrésentFuturePasse Compose
Key auxiliaires
To haveavoiraiaurai(avoir)eu
To beétresuisserai(avoir)été

Conjugate as below(Conjuguez comme ci-dessous):

SingulierEtreAvoir
Jesuisj’ai
Tuesas
llesta
Elleesta

 

Imperfect Tense in French 

Imparfait-Imperfect Tense:

To refer to previously ongoing and repeated events that are now completely finished.

To express an action that happened often in the past, such as a habit that one has grown out of.

Example:”I used to eat a kiwi while watching the news.” is in French, “Je mangeais un kiwi en regardant les information”

In Describing the past, including things such as time, location, weather, age, physical and emotional conditions or states, attitudes, and desires and other mental experiences.

Actions that occurred while something else happening.

To compare and contrast events in the present with events in past.

To talk about the emotion or abstract qualities of a person/thing in the past or to discuss an irritating quality or subject.

To suggest or ask certain “forceful” question such as, “Si on faisait une promenade”
When phrases like I used to do...and I would do...are used in English.

Formation of the Imperfect - Imperfect Ending

To conjugate in the imperfect, add the appropriate ending to the imperfect stem.

SubjectEnding
Jeais
Tuais
llait
Nousions
Vousiez
llsaient

Example:

AllerÊtre
J’allaisJ’étais
Tu allaisTu étais
ll allaitll était
Nous allionsNous étions
Vous alliezVous étiez
lls allaientll étaient

Exceptions are:

MangerCommence
Je mangeaisJe commençais
Tu mangeaisTu commençais
ll mangeaitll commençait
Nous mangionsNous commenciez
Vous mangiezVous commenciez
lls mangeaientlls commençaient

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